Like many remote Alaska villages, with local jobs dwindling away a new viable source of income was needed. But marketing Hoonah as a tourism hotspot without turning it into a tourism trap was a challenge.
"At first everybody was deeply concerned about tourism coming to town because of what (Hoonah) could turn into," said Bob Wysocki, CEO of Huna Totem, a native corporation formed by the 1971 Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act. "People quickly realized the impact wasn't like everywhere else. Folks went from being concerned too many people would be in town to (Huna Totem) getting a lot of heat for not enough people coming into town. The community really opened up and embraced it."
Wysocki said Huna Totem has allowed only one cruise ship to port each day, though he is looking at the possibility of allowing two ships at a time next season. Hoonah saw a drop off from 80 ships in 2007 to 59 last year due to scheduling conflicts among cruise lines.
CCW file photo In this 2007 file photo, tourists to Icy Strait Point, the renovated fish cannery located about a mile outside Hoonah, relax on the beach.
Hoonah has been an easy destination for Wysocki to market. Chichagof Island has one of Alaska's highest concentrations of brown bears and nearby Point Adolphus is known as one of the richest humpback whale feeding grounds in Southeast Alaska. Tourism activities are enhanced by the village's remoteness and other factors, such as Hoonah's predominantly Native Alaskan population and how subsistence hunting and fishing remain a staple of everyday life.
Huna Totem uses that cultural authenticity to its advantage, involving elders and youth in the showcasing, storytelling and presentation of their history, artwork, values and lifestyles to travelers. Many of Huna Totem's 130 workers wear their Tlingit name on their badge next to their English name.
Faggen Skaflestad, a life-long Hoonah resident and owner of Janaggan Touring and Guiding, said little has changed in the town in the past five seasons.
CCW file photo Icy Strait Point renovations including a theatre where Native Alaskan stories and culture are share with travelers.
Tourism may very well have saved Hoonah after the village saw its fishing and logging industries dwindle during the 1980s and 90s. Icy Strait Point employs about a quarter of the Hoonah's population, most of whom also are shareholders in Huna Totem.
"We've maintained about 90 percent local hire and 85 percent Native hire over our five-year history," Wysocki said. "With most Alaska villages declining in population and economic activity, Hoonah and Icy Strait Point stand out as proof that a culture can be maintained and that an economic base can be built providing jobs that keep the village and culture alive.".
Icy Strait Point was purchased by Huna Totem Corporation in 1996 and is now home to more than a dozen locally owned and operated shops, four restaurants, a museum, theatre and gift shops. Huna Totem invested millions in the project, to include building the world's largest zipline, but Wysocki was hesitant to disclose how much money has been invested so far.
Huna Totem's practice of hiring locally and creating business opportunities for the community earned it the Travel Industry Association and National Geographic Traveler magazine's "Travel to a Better World" award this month for sustaining an indigenous culture and community. Hoonah's seasonal unemployment has dropped below one percent since Icy Strait Point reopened.
"Darn near anybody who wants a job has got one," Wysocki said. "If you can show up, be clean and straight and come to work everyday, we hire just about anybody who walks through the door."
Hoonah Mayor Dennis Gray said tourism has done more than just create job opportunities; it also has led to much-needed infrastructure improvements in the town. A new ferry terminal will be built next year and a 220-ton boatlift is expected to be operational by next summer.
"We've seen a few local business owners open gift shops and other stores," Gray said. "People have disposable income to go shopping and are keeping dollars in town and putting them into the economy. (Tourism) saved the city in sales tax and revenue."
Hoonah Harbor Master Paul Dybdahl anticipates more businesses moving in once the projects are complete. He's already seen an increase in independent charter vessels trying to cash in on Hoonah's tourism.
"I see the infrastructure changing even more," he said. "Mechanics, fiberglass workers and shipwrights will need shops to support (the lift). We've already had people who perform these services call about setting up shop."
Paul Dybdahl's brother, Johan, overseas special projects for Icy Strait Point and said the cannery is finished expanding for now. The infrastructure can accommodate up to 5,000 visitors at a time, and with cruise ships expected to dock five days per week next season its limits will be tested. Especially if tourists keep making return visits.
"This year we had a lot of people come back because they visited once before, and they keep telling us not to change a thing," he said. "They really appreciate getting on the ground and skipping rocks on the beach, going into the forest to see wildlife. Some even claim we control our whales because we haven't missed on a whale watching tour in five seasons now."