The report tracks both population levels and harvest rates for species caught in federal waters between three and 200 miles off U.S. coasts.
This year's report indicates that seven stocks have been removed from the overfishing list, four stocks have increased population levels and are no longer overfished, and three stocks are now listed as fully "rebuilt."
NOAA's Fisheries Service and the eight regional fishery management councils took significant steps toward ending overfishing" when too many fish in a species are caught in a year and rebuilding stocks in 2007.
Among the report's findings:
244 stocks and stock complexes were reviewed for their overfishing status.
203 (83 percent) are not subject to overfishing, while 41 (17 percent) are.
Seven stocks were taken off the overfishing list in 2007, the largest number removed in a single year since NOAA has been compiling the report.
190 stocks and stock complexes were reviewed for their overfished status. 145 (76 percent) are not overfished, while 45 (24 percent) are.
Four complexes are no longer overfished. Three complexes have fully rebuilt to target levels.
"No new stocks were subject to overfishing in 2007, which is very good news as well," Balsiger said. "The economic, recreational and ecological stakes for sustaining these resources are incredibly high."
"NOAA Fisheries scientists are learning more all the time about how to help fish populations," he added. "Our agency is working hard to end overfishing by 2010, as required by the Magnuson Stevens Act.
Continued and new sustainable management practices such as annual catch limits are one of the tools we are using."
NOAA recently proposed guidelines to establish catch limits and targets for each stock to prevent overfishing.
These annual catch limits are the amount of fish allowed to be caught in a year, and are required by a 2007 amendment to the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act. Additionally, the act calls for measures to ensure these limits are followed and do not exceed the scientific recommendations made by the regional fishery management councils' scientific committees.
The proposed guidelines may be viewed online at http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/msa2007/. Public comments on the proposed revisions will be accepted through Sept. 8.
NOAA's Fisheries Service develops the annual status of U.S. fisheries report using the best available scientific information available and the status determination criteria specified in fishery management plans.