Federal law provides for traditional subsistence harvests for the native Alaska population. However, the federal government may regulate these harvests when a species or stock, such as the Cook Inlet beluga, is depleted.
"This document provides a long-term framework for subsistence harvest when the population recovers sufficiently," said Doug Mecum, acting administrator for NOAA's Fisheries Service Alaska region. "We need a plan that recognizes the nutritional and cultural needs of Alaska natives, but gives priority to Cook Inlet beluga recovery."
The preferred alternative in the Cook Inlet beluga whale subsistence harvest final supplemental environmental impact statement would set annual harvest quotas based on the abundance and growth of the population. Harvests would be authorized only when the five year average abundance is above 350 whales. The current five year population average, from 2003 to 2007, is 336 belugas.
The document also requires reduced harvest levels to compensate for unusual events, such as a mass stranding of belugas.
A record of decision on the document is expected at the end of July.
In 1999, federal officials regulated beluga whale hunting in Cook Inlet. Since then, subsistence hunters could harvest Cook Inlet beluga whales if authorized by a co-management agreement between NOAA's Fisheries Service and certain Alaska native organizations. Five whales have been harvested from 1999 through 2005.
No Cook Inlet beluga whales were harvested in 2006 or 2007, and no harvest is planned this year. Currently, there is no co-management agreement in place for the next five year interval, from 2008 to 2012, although NOAA's Fisheries Service will continue to coordinate on Cook Inlet beluga issues with the local hunters and villages.
NOAA Fisheries scientists and managers have studied the Cook Inlet belugas since 1993, with efforts including annual population surveys and abundance estimates, co-management agreements, two comprehensive status reviews, research, tissue collections, a conservation plan, and responses to stranded beluga whales. According to these studies the Cook Inlet beluga whale population decline averaged 2.7 percent annually between 1999 and 2007.
The Cook Inlet beluga population is one of five beluga stocks recognized within U.S. waters, for a total population estimate of 63,000 beluga whales in all U.S. waters.
The Cook Inlet beluga population is listed as depleted under the Marine Mammal Protection Act. In 2007, NOAA's Fisheries Service proposed the Cook Inlet beluga population be listed as endangered under the Endangered Species Act. The agency is scheduled to make a determination on the listing in October.
On the Web: Cook inlet beluga whales: www.alaskafisheries.noaa.gov/protectedresources/whales/beluga.htm
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