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PUBLISHED: 5:13 PM on Wednesday, June 15, 2005
Right Tree, Right Place Part 2: What should I plant?
Last month, we wrote about choosing the right planting location; this month we offer more information on which trees and larger shrubs you might plant. Everything we mention here is growing in the Juneau area. Most of the trees and shrubs we mention are not native to our region, but we would like to point out that native trees and shrubs can be a good choice for the harsher locations where non-natives may not perform well or if you want more "natural" plantings. With the large number of trees and larger shrubs that are available to us, please excuse us if we do not mention your particular favorite.

Medium to Large Trees typically have a good form, dominating a location. In places where it actually gets hot in the summer, these are often called shade trees. There is probably room for only one or two of these on a small house lot. These trees can be long-lived, hardy, and may tolerate a broad range of growing conditions. Deciduous types often have good fall color.

Deciduous: Maples (Acer) including Norway, sugar, and red, Birches (Betula), including Paper, River and European, Beeches (Fagus), Ashes (Fraxinius), Willows (Salix), Horse Chestnut (Aeschulus), Lindens (Tilia), and Apples (Malus).

Evergreens: Pines (Pinus) including Austrian, Scotch, and Eastern White. Larches (Larix), Spruces (Picea) including Norway, and Colorado. True Firs (Abies).

Native: Quaking Aspen, Birch, Shore Pine, Mountain Hemlock, Subalpine Fir, and Alaska Yellow Cedar.

Smaller trees & large shrubs

Members of this group often have good form, nice fall color, pleasing leaf shapes, and bark texture. Their smaller size gives lots of design flexibility. You can plant several from this group in the space that would only allow one large tree.

Deciduous: Maples including Japanese, Vine, and Amur. Willows, Dogwoods (Cornus) and Viburnums.

Evergreens: Yews (Taxus), Junipers (Juniperus), and smaller species or cultivars of the Pines, Spruce, and Hemlocks (Tsuga).

Native: Douglas Maple, Willows and Viburnums.,

Smaller trees & large shrubs that produce lots of flowers

Many of our favorites are in this group. The flowers in most cases last only a few weeks, but they can be glorious. Many in this group are not as long lived as the larger cousins and may need more protected sites to do well. The Cherries and some of the larger fruited Crabapples may produce edible fruit.

Deciduous: Many cultivars of Flowering Crabapples, Cherries, Lilacs, (Syringia) Hawthorns, (Crataegus) and Serviceberries (Amelanchier).

Evergreens: Rhododendrons.

Native: As our Our native trees and shrubs are adapted to live in fairly harsh conditions, they and produce few flowers as compared with to the non-natives.

Whatever your choice, we hope that you will find something on this list to enhance your enjoyment of your home.


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