In all, 12 Alaska regions are eligible to apply for RSDA's under legislation passed last year. Southeast, Bristol Bay and Prince William Sound/Copper River are the only ones that have opted so far to officially pursue the opportunity. A forum on RSDA's is set for March 18 at ComFish in Kodiak. For more information, go online to www.comfishalaska.com.
State fishery managers are projecting a significant decline in commercial salmon catches this year. The 2006 harvest for all species is pegged at 160 million fish, well below last year's record catch of 221 million salmon.
That harvest topped the previous record of 218 million fish set in 1995. At a glance, look for drops in this year's pink and sockeye salmon harvests compared to the 2005 season, a slight increase for chinook, similar catches for coho salmon, and higher chum harvests due to increasing runs in Western Alaska.
Here is the projected breakdown for the 2006 salmon catch by species - for chinook salmon, managers expect a catch of 780,000 fish, up from 682,000 last year. For sockeye, the harvest is projected at 35.6 million, down from 43.28 million last year. The coho catch is pegged at five million, up just a tick from the 2005 take of 4.79 million. For pink salmon, managers project a catch of 108 million, compared to more than 161 million humpies harvested last year. And for chum salmon, the projected catch is 17.6 million, up from 11.3 in 2005.
The value of the 2005 salmon catch showed a big increase over that of the previous three years, ringing in at $305 million dollars at the docks. That compares to $257 million in 2004 and $195 million in 2003. Last year marked the first time that the value of broke the 300 million dollar barrier since 1999, when the salmon harvest was valued at $370 million. Find the 2006 harvest breakdowns by region and fisheries at www.cf.adfg.state.ak.us.
Smart Gear Contest
The deadline to submit ideas is less than one month away, and the international Smart Gear competition has yet to attract a single entry from Alaska. The contest, now in its second year, is sponsored by the World Wildlife Fund. Its goal is to "inspire and reward" new ideas that reduce the accidental take of marine mammals, sea birds and non-target species by fishing gear.
"Our thinking is that there is a lot more we can do if we get everyone working together to change fishing to make it smarter to reduce bycatch of any kind," said Kim Davis, deputy director of WWF's Marine Conservation Program.
Davis said she is mystified why the Smart Gear contest hasn't drawn any ideas from Alaska.
"I'm sure you have a lot of very ingenious fishermen and we hope to hear from them in the next few weeks. We have gotten a lot of interest from the other side of the Pacific, notably Russia," she said.
In all, Davis said entries are lagging well behind last year when 50 ideas were submitted from 16 countries (13 came from the U.S.). So far, only 10 entries have come in from six countries, three from the U.S. - the New York scallop fishery, a California trawl fishery and the Hawaii longline fishery. "We expect to get a rush of ideas in the last week or two. That was the case last year," she said.
The contest, which is judged by an international panel, awards a $25,000 first prize and two $5,000 prizes. Last year's winning idea, which came from New Caledonia, modified longlines to set them faster and deeper, resulting in fewer takes of turtles and increased tuna catches.
That concept will begin large scale testing in April by NOAA Fisheries in Hawaii's tuna fishery. Another winner combined glowing ropes and stiffer nets that helped marine mammals avoid gillnets, a system of angled metal grids and net meshes that allowed small fish and shrimp to swim away also took home a cash prize.
The deadline to enter the 2006 Smart Gear contest is March 15. Winners will be announced at the Brussels Seafood Show in Belgium on May 11th. Get more info at www.smartgear.org.
Others Follow Wal-Mart
Following Wal-Mart's lead, Compass Group, one of the biggest contract food service companies, and Europe's Metro Group, the world's third largest food retailer after Wal-Mart and Carrefour, announced last week that they also will source seafood only from fisheries that meet strict standards for being sustainable and friendly to the environment.
Welch, who lives in Kodiak, has written about Alaska's seafood industry since 1988.